Paranormal Theories

Oregonian Live: What are Ghosts? Video from the Oregon Ghost Conference 2015

Air Ions

This theory holds that if a ghost is present, the natural ions in the air my be disrupted somehow.  The entity may also utilize the positive or negative ions in the air for manifestation. There is equipment on the market to emit ions into the air for paranormal experimentationa.

Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVP) / Audible Voice Phenomena

Historical Facts: Pioneers in the field of Electronic Voice Phenomena include Thomas Edison, Gueglilmo Marconi, Nikola Tesla, Frederick Jurgenson, among others.  All of these men invented devices that reportedly captured the voices of the dead.  Researchers in England, during the late 1900s, claimed to capture several spirit voices.  For example, Jurgenson claimd to hear his mother’s voice say his name while he was recording bird sounds in the Swiss Alps and has been credited for capturing hunderds of spirit voices.  Sarah Estep was also a leading pioneer in the field of EVP and has written some best-selling books on the subject. 

EVP are voices and/or sounds NOT HEARD AT THE TIME OF RECORDING, but are somehow captured on recording devices.  

Classes of EVP: 

A:  This EVP can essentially be heard and understood by everyone, without the aide of headphones or audio enhancement devices.  This is a very clear and crisp EVP.

B: This EVP can sometimes be heard and understood by people; however, typically needing the use of headphones and audio enhancement.

C: This EVP is extremely faint in quality and sound and most people cannot decipher its meaning; always needing the use of headphones and audio enhancement.

R: This is an EVP that can be understood when played in the reverse setting.  

Where Do the Voices Come From?  Electronic Voice Phenomena can come from ghosts, spirits, higher beings, such as angels and ultraterrestrials, aliens, other dimensional beings, human beings (psychokinesis and telepathy), radio signals.  It may also be true that some investigators may decipher the EVP as being entirely different than what another investigator may hear.   The term “white noise” directly relates to EVP as the theory holds that some amount of background noise can help entities to formulate words.  

Audible Voice Phenomena (AVP):  These are voices and/or sounds that you hear, which may or may not be captured on recording devices.

Electromagnetic Field or EMF

This theory basically states that a ghost or spirit may give off some sort of EMF field and can also be the cause of minor EMF fluctuations.  Additionally, it is theorized that ghosts and spirits may cause a fluctuation in the EMF field and use the natural amount of EMF in the environment to manifest and communicate with the living.  All electrical devices give off EMF as well as humans. The use of  an EMF detector is an invaluable tool for paranormal investigators.  Three of our favorites include the Mel-8704 meter, which measures temperature and EMF simultaneously and the TriField Meter and Natural meters as well as a simple compass (points due North toward the magnetic north pole—the compass needle will go haywire if there are disruptions in the EMF field.  One thing to remember is that EMF fluctuations caused by a ghost are typically not steady readings as they will fluctuate from approximately 2milligauss to 7milligauss, depending on the type of meter you use.

Forced Haunt / Tulpa Effect

Is it possible that some manifestations of ghosts are actually the work of the human mind creating them?  The human mind is extremely powerful and thus, can create visualizations and objects and give life to them.  Thoughts are extremely powerful and if given enough energy can be possibly manifested as something real.  Tulpas can be created purposely or even subconsciously and may be benevolent or malevolent in nature.  Some believe that Tulpas are actual ghosts or entities of a still living person, which exist in the ethereal world.   These thought forms can appear as humans, animals and mythical beings.  Could any type of negative energy actually be the product of a tulpa?  Yes, we believe there is a correlation.

Solar Storms and Geomagnetic Influence

It is theorized that ghosts are made of up energy and paranormal activity does seem to occur in an around fluctuations in energy fields, whether they be electrical, environmental or magnetic.  Other sources of energy that entities may use include solar and geomagnetic energy.  Light in its simplest form is solar energy and it interacts with the earth’s magnetic field.  Solar energy fluctuates going from low intensity to high intensity.  

Ghosts seem to be attracted to the magnetic field, simply for energy manifestation purposes.  The earth has its own magnetic field and it has been theorized that hot molten metal deep in the earth’s suface caused the earth to have an enormous electromagnetic field, which fluctuates from mild intensity to strong intensity.

The following information is taken from the website. 

About the Solar X-ray status monitor The X-ray Solar status monitor downloads data periodically from the NOAA Space Environment Center FTP server. The previous 24 hours of 5 minute Long-wavelength X-raydata from each satellite (GOES 8 and GOES 10) is analyzed, and an appropriate level of activity for the past 24 hours is assigned as follows:

Normal: Solar X-ray flux is quiet (< 1.00e-6 W/m^2) Active: Solar X-ray flux is active (>= 1.00e-6 W/m^2) M Class Flare: An M Class flare has occurred (X-ray flux >= 1.00e-5 W/m^2) X Class Flare: An X Class flare has occurred (X-ray flux >= 1.00e-4 W/m^2) Mega Flare: An unprecedented X-ray event has occurred (X-ray flux >= 1.00e-3 W/m^2)
The designation “Mega Flare” was chosen by Kevin Loch when the status monitor was created on March 4, 1999.
There is no “official” designation for flares in this range. About the Geomagnetic Field status monitor

The Geomagnetic Field status monitor downloads data periodically from the NOAA Space Environment Center FTP server. The previous 24 hours of 3 hour Planetary Kp Indexdata is analyzed and an appropriate level of activity for the past 24 hours is assigned as follows: (Following information is provided by the website. 

Quiet: the Geomagnetic Field is quiet (Kp < 4) Active: the Geomagnetic Field has been unsettled (Kp=4) Storm: A Geomagnetic Storm has occurred (Kp>4) Ghosts Caught on Film:  The Big Camera Debate

There is a substantial debate in the paranormal field on whether to employ the use of digital cameras or 35mm cameras.  To be honest, there are pros and cons to both devices.  With digital cameras, you have the ability to see your results instantly, capability of uploading them to your computer and have substantial memory so you can take hundreds of photos.  Additionally, many digital cameras also have Infrared or IR capability as it is suggested that entities exist in the Infrared area of the light spectrum, thus possibly explaining why Infrared photography captures anomalous photographs.  

There are drawbacks to only relying on digital cameras when conducting a paranormal investigation.  For one, the image that you get isn’t the actual photo, but a replication of what the camera sees as the photo.  There are also pixelation issues when using the digital cameras and this is the main theory as to why “orbs” appear mostly on digital cameras as opposed to other types of cameras.   With the advent of photo enhancement software, digital photos can be manipulated and faked.

The use of 35mm cameras is highly recommended in the field of paranormal research.  It is theorized that ghosts and spirits can emulsify on the film itself.  The negative is also useful as it can be compared to to the photograph taken.   Like digital cameras, 35mm cameras can also utilize Infrared film; however, a lot of caution needs to be taken to protect the Infrared film, such as keeping it in a cool place and unexposed to light. 

Other cameras, such as Polaroids, are also highly recommended for paranormal research.  A general rule of thumb when conducting spirit photography:  utlize a variety of cameras and conduct various photographic experiments.

Instrumental Trans Communication or ITC

In 1980, devised an electronic audio device called the “Spiricom.”  He claimed that he received instructions on how to build the device from a deceased scientist named George Mueller.  Other popular modern-day devices include the “Frank’s Box” or “Spirit Box.”  Both of these devices allow for real-time communication between the living and the dead.  This device uses a combination of white noise and an AM radio receiver, scanning the AM bands, capturing bits of sound.  There is a big debate as to whether the device can authentically capture voices from the spirit world.   The term Instrumental Trans Communication was developed by Ernst Senkowski in the 1970s and can be described as the communication between the living and dead via any electronic device.   Instrumental Trans Communication is very subjective and the subject of much debate in the paranormal research field. Popular equipment for conducting ITC experimentation are: Frank’s Box (no longer made), PSB7, PSB11, Sangean Device, among others.  Remember that ITC is extremely SUBJECTIVE. SDPRS has certain criteria that needs to be met in order for the team to decipher it as possible evidence.  The voice needs to be loud and transcend more than one scanning radio station. 

Light Spectrum Theories

The total light spectrum goes beyond what the naked human eye can depict.  What humans see is “white light,” which is basically all of the colors of the light spectrum.   We see light in the electromagnetic spectrum.  It is theorized that ghosts are easier to see in the Infrared and Ultraviolet light spectrums.  For this reason, this is why paranormal investigators employ the use of Infrared (IR) and Ultraviolet (UV) photographic and videographic devices.  IR and UV illuminators are also used in conjunction to help investigators see their surroundings in IR and UV.  Both IR and UV are invisible to the naked eye, and could be a reason why we have a hard time seeing ghosts, especially if they exist in these invisible realms.  Further research is being conducted as to why ghosts seem to be more sensitive to the Infrared and Ultraviolet spectrums.

Radiation and Paranormal Occurrences

It is theorized that ghosts can cause or disrupt the radiation in the environment.  This is why investigators use “Geiger Counters” on investigations, as the device detects the radiation levels in the environment.  There are four types of radiation that we can encounter:  alpha radiation, beta radiation, gamma radiation and x radiation.  When using Geiger Counters, very low readings and/or needle fluctuations may indicate the presence of paranormal activity.

Reconstruction Theory

It has been theorized that building renovations, reconstructions or remodeling can cause or influence the presence of paranormal activity.  To date, no one really knows why this is so, but there seems to be a consistent belief that ghost activity increased when reconstruction occurs.  One possible explanation for this is that the ghost or entity does not like the renovations being done and starts to make itself known by causing poltergeist-like events and other types of paranormal activity.

Singapore Theory

Also referred to as the “Theory of Familiarization”  or “Paranormal Stimuli” theory, when an entity evokes an action due to the paranormal investigator trying to illict a reaction from that entity.  This technique can be employed with the use of auditory or visual stimuli and “trigger objects.”  Typically, this can be effective when using something that the energies are familiar with, such as something from their time period – music, clothing, smells. 

Temperature Fluctuation in Paranormal Investigations

There seems to be a connection between ghosts and temperature fluctuations.  It is said that when ghosts draw energy from the environment to manifest, they are actually taking the ambient heat from the environment and using it, thus why people feel the sudden and drastic “cold spots.”   “Hot spots” have also been reported, but are not as common as drops in temperature.   For this reason, paranormal investigators employ the use of various temperature-detecting devices, such as weather stations and non-contact thermometers.  Some thermometers measure the ambient temperature and the actual temperature of objects.  The thermal imaging device picks up heat signatures and the temperature around you.  The hot colors are red, orange, yellow and white.  The cool colors are blue and green.  It’s a great tool to use in conjunction with temperature devices and can allow the investigator to track heat signatures and temperature fluctuations.

Psychokinesis (formerly called Telekinesis) and Hauntings

We know that psychokinesis is the mind’s ability to influence an object.  Thus, is it possible that psychokinesis can create hauntings?  We believe in the possibility.  It’s kind of similar to tulpas.  Are certain ghosts at well-known haunted locations created because of the scores of human minds projecting their thoughts and opinions on a daily basis?  This may also apply to audio, photographic and video evidence.  Is the mind so powerful that it can imprint it’s thoughts and opinions onto equipment?